What is STEM?
STEM is an acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. STEM Education— is the interdisciplinary process of teaching that integrates these four disciplines to promote real-world experience, teamwork, and the authentic application of technology which are essential for success. STEM education integrates concepts that are usually taught as separate subjects in different classes and emphasizes the application of knowledge to real-life situations. A lesson or unit in a STEM class is typically based on finding a solution to a real-world problem and tends to emphasize project-based experiential learning. Many STEM lessons involve building models in simulating situations. According to the United States National Research Council and the National Science Foundation, STEM fields are collectively considered core technological underpinnings of an advanced society. Thus STEM education interwein the study of Math and Science in an interdisciplinary fashion with the demands of engineering and technology and is a key component of responsible, global citizenship. STEM education could take place in a separate STEM class or be incorporated into practically any subject and grade level. Careers in STEM-related fields are vast and diverse. They obviously include careers in Science and Engineering fields, Energy, Programming, Pharmacy. However, STEM careers may also take the form of a Physicians’ assistant, Network Communications Expert, or Agricultural, Professional, Financial, Risk Analysis etc. Even Athletic Training has elements of the STEM.
In the 21st century, scientific and technological innovations have become increasingly significant as we face the benefits and challenges of both globalization and a knowledge-based economy. To succeed in this new information-based and highly technological society, students need to develop their capabilities in STEM to levels much beyond what was considered acceptable in the past. Additionally, STEM also promotes discovery and project-based learning. It fosters a life-long love of learning helping students augment curiosity and make connections as to why the world exists as it does. Students can forget just bookish knowledge but hardly forget practical learning in life. By experiential learning through making various STEM models, students create more interests in books too and they perform better in their regular school examinations. Teachers find it easier to teach MATHS, Science typical concepts to students who are making practical STEM models. STEM education creates critical thinkers, increases science literacy, and enables the next generation of innovators. Innovation leads to new products and processes that sustain our economy. This innovation, scientific and mathematical literacy depend on a solid knowledge base in the STEM areas. By reaching outside there a classroom, teachers, and lecturers collaborate across subjects, enhance and enrich the school curriculum, make links with the world of work, and use varied contexts to help future generation to relate school STEM subjects with their real-life experiences. Thus, STEM learning is vital to our future—the future of our country, region, the world and propels children to become global leaders.